Glossary

Carbon dioxide (CO2)

The most widespread and well-known greenhouse gas, which is produced by the combustion of fossil fuels and other human activities, such as deforestation and biomass burning. CO2 contributes to the greenhouse effect, which leads to global warming and climate change. Reducing carbon dioxide emissions is crucial for environmental protection and mitigating the negative impacts of climate change.

Carbon dioxide equivalent (CO2e)

Carbon dioxide (CO2) is just one of several greenhouse gases with global warming potential (GWP). CO2 equivalent or CO2e represents all the molecules that capture heat and warm our atmosphere, not just carbon dioxide. It is the unit that FUERGY uses for the calculation of the achieved emission reduction in line with ESG reporting standards.

Fossil Fuels

Fossil fuels are natural energy resources that formed over millions of years from the decomposition of plant and animal remains buried beneath the Earth's surface. The most common fossil fuels include coal, oil, and natural gas. These resources are used for electricity generation, heating, and as transportation fuels.

Fossil fuels are the main source of energy for many industries, but burning them produces greenhouse gas emissions such as carbon dioxide (CO2), which contributes to global warming and climate change. In addition, the extraction and processing of fossil fuels can have negative impacts on the environment, including water and soil pollution.

Greenhouse gases

Greenhouse gases are gases that absorb heat in the atmosphere and contribute to the "greenhouse effect." These gases occur naturally, but their levels have significantly increased due to human activities. The main sources of increased greenhouse gases are the production and combustion of fossil fuels such as coal, oil, and natural gas. Among the most well-known greenhouse gases are carbon dioxide (CO2), methane (CH4), nitrous oxide (N2O), and fluorinated gases. The rise in the concentration of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere contributes to global warming and climate change.